“Umesh Shrestha, an investigative journalist, and his team Sabin Dhakal and Mahendra Bam have spent eight months investigating the case of Nirmala, a 13-year-old girl who was raped and murdered in Kanchanpur, Nepal. Despite their efforts, the possibility that the perpetrator may never be found is becoming increasingly likely. The main obstacles in the investigation have been the lack of accountability on the part of the police, who have been unwilling to admit their mistakes, and the revelation of possible lab errors in DNA testing.

Experts suggest forming a team of DNA experts to determine the accuracy of the report, re-investigating all suspects, and adopting a consistent standard for accepting or rejecting DNA evidence in court. The case has also highlighted the need for better forensic practices in Nepal.

If these steps are not taken, the perpetrator may never be found and the possibility of another innocent girl falling victim to a similar crime remains all too real. The authorities must take immediate action to address the shortcomings in the investigation and bring the perpetrator to justice.


The investigation into the rape and murder case of Nirmala, a 13-year-old girl, has been significantly impacted by the spread of misinformation. Two main factors have contributed to this:

Firstly, there is an extreme mistrust of the state system, including the police and government, among the public. Many people believe that influential individuals or VIPs can manipulate the system to protect criminals. This erosion of trust has created skepticism and hindered the investigation’s progress. It is crucial for all stakeholders to reflect on this mistrust and work towards restoring faith in the state system.

Secondly, misinformation propagated through social media platforms, particularly YouTube, and mainstream media has played a significant role. Sensationalized videos and unverified claims have misled the public, while even reputable media outlets have at times legitimized unconfirmed rumors. This misinformation has diverted attention and created confusion, further impeding the investigation.

To address these challenges, media leadership should prioritize responsible journalism, fact-checking, and verifying information before publication. Restoring trust in the media’s role is essential for accurate reporting and public understanding of the case.

The investigation into Nirmala’s case has been hindered by widespread mistrust and misinformation. It is vital for all stakeholders, including the state system and the media, to take concerted efforts to rebuild trust, promote transparency, and prioritize accurate reporting. Only through these actions can the investigation regain credibility and ultimately deliver justice for Nirmala.